هيئة السكك الحديدية السعودية

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Background

Gulf Cooperation Council Railway Project​

As part of the interest of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in Gulf Rail Project, specialized international companies with long standing experience in the railway field have been assigned to conduct numerous studies on the project. A financial and technical committee was formed to complete the detailed studies of the project and offered it for implementation by the GCC countries. The Studies started with drawing a road map for the project and determine the action steps and the proposed schedule for each phase of the project as follows

  • Preparation of the feasibility study for the project
  • Preparation of detailed designs of the route proposed for the project.

It is scheduled that the route of the GCC train project starts from Kuwait via Dammam in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the Kingdom of Bahrain through the proposed causeway to be built parallel to the King Fahd Causeway. And from Dammam to the State of Qatar through Salwa. The GCC train would also link Qatar with Bahrain via the Qatar – Bahrain Causeway to be established between them, and from Saudi Arabia through Al Batha to the United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi - Al Ain) and then to end up in Oman across Sohar to Muscat. The total project length is approximately 2116 km, and the length of the track inside the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia totaling 663 km.

A Royal decree was issued on assigning the Ministry of Transport to prepare detailed execution studies of the project. A technical team affiliated to the Ministry of Transport was formed for the development of further detailed studies and prepare engineering designs for the portion located in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The technical team has already started the consultations for the development of primary bases for the work methodology and the steps required to be completed in this area according to a specific schedule.

As for the implementation of the GCC rail project, bids have already been invited and the design stage of the project has already commenced and will be completed by the end of 2012, while the executive phase on the ground will be launched at the start of 2013 and the project is expected to be completed in 2017.

There is also an intention to expand the project to other Arab countries, as we know, the Kingdom is a member of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) and has signed the International Railways agreement of the East Arabian countries to be linked with the other Arab countries. There is also an Arab consensus to complete the railway link projects as well as land and sea link so that it leads to economic interdependence and integration between the Arab countries. The GCC project will have a direct positive impact on the economies, enhance mobility and the transport of goods between the GCC countries, and the freedom of movement of citizens and residents, therefore advancing regional investment.

The total length of the railway line in KM in each GCC country​

States Line length (in km)
Kuwait 145
Bahrain 36​​
Qatar 283
Oman 306
United Arab Emirates 684
Saudi Arabia 663
Total 2117

The following table shows the level of transport imported by all modes of transportation in the years 2004-2006, compared with the expected to be only transferred by train in 2016. The achievement of these expectations will add to the basket of the Gulf incomes what is estimated of 400 million dollars as a result of the transfer of goods imported and exported via the train.

States Transfer rate for the period (2004-2006) by means of current transportation Expected by train only in 2016
Kuwait 16.3 7.5
Bahrain 5.1 6.7
Qatar 6.6 4.3
Oman 1.8 2.8
United Arab Emirates 3.7 7.1
Saudi Arabia 3.9 1.6
Other Arab States 2.6 1
Total 40 31.1

With regard to passengers, the study predicted the growing number of train users through the Gulf railway network by 37% between the years 2016-2028, and the following table shows a comparison between the forecast of passenger transport by different means of transportation:

Train Car Bus Air Total
Before the Operation of Gulf railway network 0 28.820 1.106 13.034 42.960
In the beginning of the Operation of Gulf railway network 3.308 27.425 989 11.670 43.392​​​

Project Map​​

Survey